Ancient pyramids are by far one of the greatest relics of our world. For millenniums they have stood in our sight withholding their secrets for the world to wonder about them. How were they built? What’s inside? What do the writings on the wall say? Read on and find out 24 facts about ancient pyramids that most people don’t know.
Hollywood would lead you to believe that many ancient pyramids around the world contain inaccessible areas because of booby traps, hidden-doors, and/or ancient curses, but the truth is that many of these areas have been filled with sand and sealed after their construction as they were solely used for workers to access other areas or as a source of oxygen.
For years scientists, archaeologists, and conspiracy theorists have been trying to figure out how Egyptians were able to move such large pieces of stone to construct the pyramids. Recently a wall painting that has been misinterpreted as a ritualistic ceremony has been revealed to be to be an illustration of the practice used to move the stones
Out of the 7 ancient wonders of the world the Great Pyramid still stands today. It took the Egyptians 20 years to build it and it was finally completed in 2560 BC. It was the largest structure in the world for nearly 4,000 years until the Lincoln cathedral was built c. 1300 AD
In 1993 German engineer Rudolf Gantenbrink took a first attempt at exploring the shafts by using a crawler robot. After climbing more that 200ft he discovered that one of the shafts was blocked by what appeared to be doors made of limestone and eroded copper that seemed to be handles.
The false doors were usually used as offering chapels for family members to place offerings for the deceased. The majority of these doors face the west side of the pyramids do to Ancient Egyptians associating the west with death
Historian and archaeologist John Romer believes that a 1 – 1 scale model of the pyramid was built on the ground before construction thus explaining the unmatched precision of the construction. Experts estimate that the pyramid weighs over 5 million tons. Thirty times larger than the Empire State Building, the Pyramid’s features are so large they can be seen from the Moon
It may seem hard to believe but prior to 2011 there were no known hieroglyphics inside the Great Pyramid. After a very tedious exploration (see fact 6) some red paint was found in a previously inaccessible area that historians believe to be hieroglyphics.
The construction of the Great Pyramid of is by itself is a modern marvel. While researchers are already baffled by the Egyptians ability during that time period, scientists, historians, archaeologists and astrologists are trying to figure out how they managed to align the pyramid to True North using only their knowledge of astrology
This first graves were unearthed in 1990 by tourists. Archaeologist Zahi Hawass believes that this may mean that the slaves were paid laborers rather than the slaves they’ve been perpetrated to be in Hollywood films
The Great Sphinx, like the Great Pyramids was made out of limestone. It’s still debated as to who carved the stone and for what reason. It is generally believed that it was built in 2500 BC for the king
Near the end of the 12th century Al-Aziz attempted to destroy the Great Pyramids. His workers, who were unable to remove more than 2 stones a day found the process to be more of a liability than to build the actual pyramids themselves
The air shafts built into the pyramids allow the pyramids interior temperature to remain at a constant 68 degrees Fahrenheit (20 degrees Celsius).
The center of each main side is indented thus making the pyramid have 8 sides. It’s not visible to the naked eye and is best seen from above when the sun draws shadow on it
Being made from polished limestone the pyramids would reflect the sun thus emanating a beacon of light that could be seen from miles away.
The Nubian pyramids were built by the rulers of the Kingdom of Kush an ancient African Kingdom located in what is now the Republic of Sudan. All of the tombs have been plundered centuries ago
15. Contrary to popular belief, the largest pyramid in the world is in Mexico.
While the Great Pyramid of Giza is the tallest Pyramid in the world the Great Pyramid of Cholula is in fact the largest with a volume of 4.5 million cubic meters